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Information literacy learning objectives

This appendix links Information Literacy Standards (ANZIIL 2004) with the relevant USC Graduate Attributes and student learning outcomes and offers learning and teaching strategies which may be implemented to promote competencies for each standard.

Standard one
The Information Literate person recognises the need for information and determines the nature and extent of the information needed

Standard two
The information literate person finds needed information effectively and efficiently

Standard three
The information literate person evaluates information and the information seeking process

Standard four
The information literate person manages information collected or generated

Standard five
The information literate person applies prior and new information to construct new concepts or create new understandings

Standard six
The information literate person uses information with understanding and acknowledges the cultural, ethical, economic, legal and social issues surrounding the use of information

Standard one

The Information Literate person recognises the need for information and determines the nature and extent of the information needed.

Relevant Graduate Attributes

To think
To value and respect reason
To be able to reason competently
To interact
To be able to interrelate and collaborate
To value and respect difference and diversity
To initiate
To be constructive and creative
To be enterprising

Learning outcomes

The student should be able to:

  • define and articulate their information need
  • analyse key words and concepts, synonyms and related topics
  • decide on a focus, position for their research
  • identify their existing knowledge
  • consider their personal biases
  • understand and differentiate the purpose and scope of a range of information sources
  • identify the audience and purpose of the information found
  • review and re-evaluate the information already gathered
  • synthesize information from different sources
  • discard unnecessary information
Suggested learning/teaching strategies
  • introductory Library tour and introductory tutorial
  • teaching staff map skills needs against expected assessment outcomes
  • students identify key concepts and ideas through concept mapping, brainstorming
  • Library tutorial: introduce library resources 
  • use course reading lists for assignment work
  • Advanced
    • use a combination of research and evidence-based information
    • Library tutorial: accessing evidence-based resources
    • use statistics for community profiling
    • Library tutorial: locating statistical information
  • Postgraduate
    • develop a research hypothesis
    • use of “grey literature”
    • Library tutorial: searching for reports, proceedings etc
    • identify ‘gaps’ in the research literature

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Standard two

The information literate person finds needed information effectively and efficiently

Relevant Graduate Attributes

To think
To value and respect reason
To be able to reason competently
To learn
To be self-aware, independent learners
To be able to collect, organise, analyse, evaluate and use information in a range of contexts
To initiate
To be constructive and creative
To be enterprising

Learning outcomes

The student should be able to:

  • select the most appropriate tools for finding information
  • construct and implement effective search strategies
  • obtain information using appropriate and multiple methods
  • keep up to date with information sources, information technologies, information access tools and investigative methods
Suggested learning/teaching strategies
  • Library tutorial: using the catalogue to search by topic
  • use resources on a reading list and resources found independently
  • Library tutorial timed to introduce library resources required for a specific assessment topic
  • Advanced
    • develop an annotated bibliography
    • Library tutorial: advanced search techniques, boolean searching, subject-specific thesauri eg MeSH
  • Postgraduate
    • Library tutorial: citation databases and citation searching
    • Library tutorial:  Endnote
    • use national and international library catalogues to locate material – Worldcat, Libraries Australia
    • Library tutorial: searching beyond USC
    • maintain current awareness via alerting services, RSS feeds

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Standard three

The information literate person evaluates information and the information seeking process

Relevant Graduate Attributes

To understand
To have relevant, discipline-based knowledge, skills and values
To be able to apply and evaluate knowledge
To think
To value and respect reason
To be able to reason competently
To learn
To be self-aware, independent learners
To be able to collect, organise, analyse, evaluate and use information in a range of contexts

Learning outcomes

The student should be able to:

  • assess the usefulness and relevance of the information obtained
  • examine and compare information from various sources
  • define and apply criteria for evaluating information
  • recognise and question prejudice, deception and manipulation through information
  • reflect on the information seeking process and revises search strategies as necessary
  • understand that context affects the production and interpretation of information
  • understand the impact of personal context and bias
Suggested learning/teaching strategies
  • students use books and articles in an assessment item
  • Library tutorial: introduction to finding library resources 
  • use material produced within a time period (eg health resources)
  • Library tutorial: introduction to finding library resourcesin health
  • Library tutorial: scholarly journal articles
  • Advanced
    • annotated bibliography using multiple types of resources
    • Library tutorial: locating scholarly journal articles
    • Library tutorial: trade and professional publications
  • Postgraduate
    • view information search strategies as a reflective process
    • understands peer review
    • Library tutorial: locating and identifying peer-reviewed journals
    • Library tutorial: citation and key author searching
    • Library tutorial: research databases and document delivery

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Standard four

The information literate person manages information collected or generated

Relevant Graduate Attributes

To think
To value and respect reason
To be able to reason competently
To learn
To be self-aware, independent learners
To be able to collect, organise, analyse, evaluate and use information in a range of contexts

Learning outcomes

The student should be able to:

  • record information and its sources
  • create a system for organising and managing their information
  • understand the components of citations
  • organise and record their information and its sources
Suggested learning/teaching strategies
  • Library tutorial: understanding a reading list
  • can identify components of a citation
  • record the information needed for referencing
  • reading lists are provided as exemplars of correct relevant style
  • Advanced
    • know and use the referencing style appropriate for a particular course and be aware that there is a number of referencing styles
    • reference sources required on researches assessment items
    • manages information located in searches
    • Library tutorial: managing and recording information sources
  • Postgraduate
    • use Endnote for recording information
    • Library tutorial: Endnote
    • Library tutorial: Endnote Advanced
    • references ALL information sources
    • uses resources beyond text: email, personal contact
    • Library tutorial: locating peers and sharing information

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Standard five

The information literate person applies prior and new information to construct new concepts or create new understandings

Relevant Graduate Attributes

To understand
To have relevant, discipline-based knowledge, skills and values
To be able to apply and evaluate knowledge
To interact
To be able to interrelate and collaborate
To value and respect difference and diversity
To think
To value and respect reason
To be able to reason competently
To communicate
To speak, listen and write competently
To be competent users of information and communication technologies
To initiate
To be constructive and creative
To be enterprising

Learning outcomes

the student should be able to:

  • compare and integrate new understandings with prior knowledge
  • select information that provides evidence to support a topic
  • know that information and knowledge is a social construct which is subject to change as a result of ongoing dialogue and research
  • communicate knowledge effectively
  • choose a communication medium that suits their task and the audience
  • communicate clearly and in a style to support the purposes of the intended audience
Suggested learning/teaching strategies
  • present assessment item for a particular genre eg debate, new item
  • applies own innovative solution to a given problem
  • locates evidence to support a known outcome
  • find books/journal articles on a topic
  • Library tutorial: introduction to finding library resources
  • Advanced
    • assessment in the form of a poster presentation, online resource, multimedia communication
    • prepare a pros and cons argument for an issue
    • preparation of a literature review
    • Library tutorial: databases for your subject area
  • Postgraduate
    • creation of poster presentation
    • literature review
    • Library tutorial: evidence-based and research databases
    • Library tutorial: locating support material to assist in constructing research projects

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Standard six

The information literate person uses information with understanding and acknowledges the cultural, ethical, economic, legal and social issues surrounding the use of information

Relevant Graduate Attributes:

To understand
To have relevant, discipline -based knowledge, skills and values
To be able to apply and evaluate knowledge
To think
To value and respect reason
To be able to reason competently
To communicate
To speak, listen and write competently
To be competent users of information and communication technologies
To learn
To be self-aware, independent learners
To be able to collect, organise, analyse, evaluate and use information in a range of contexts
To value
To have self-respect and a sense of personal agency
To have a sense of personal and social responsibility
To understand and apply ethical professional practices

Learning outcomes

The student should be able to:

  • acknowledge that there are cultural, ethical and socioeconomic issues related to access to, and use of, information
  • recognise that information is underpinned by values and beliefs conform with conventions and etiquette related to access to and the use of, information
  • legally obtain, store and disseminate text, data, images or sounds
Suggested learning/teaching strategies
  • understands plagiarism 
  • understands the need for appropriate referencing 
  • uses computers, software etc in accordance with University and national rules and legislation
  • understands that information is affected by cultural beliefs and values
  • discussion of importance of observing copyright
  • Advanced
    • understand information in an Australian/national context 
    • Library tutorial: locating Australian resources
    • respect copyright in assessment items
    • appropriate acknowledgement and referencing
  • Postgraduate
    • understands and applies ethical research standards
    • understands copyright as it affects their own work and others’ 
    • workshop: copyright

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