Paul Southgate, Professor of Tropical Aquaculture – based in Australia
Sustainable aquaculture opportunities
Paul is a specialist in the field of tropical aquaculture with particular expertise in the biology and culture of pearl oysters and other molluscs, marine invertebrates and marine ornamental species. The development of sustainable tropical aquaculture industries and aquaculture-based livelihood opportunities in coastal communities are among his major research interests. Paul and his research team have a long track record of successful projects in Pacific island and South-East Asian countries, and in East Africa and Central America. Paul co-edited and co-authored the best-selling undergraduate textbook ‘Aquaculture: Farming Aquatic Animals and Plants’ (Lucas and Southgate), and the first monograph on the biology and culture of pearl oysters ‘The Pearl Oyster’ (Southgate & Lucas). He has more than 130 peer-reviewed journal publications.
Research areas: tropical aquaculture; biology and culture of pearl oysters and other marine invertebrates; nutrition of cultured aquatic animals; larval development and energetics (marine invertebrates); and developing aquaculture-based livelihoods.
Nicholas Paul, Associate Professor of Aquaculture - based in Australia
Sustainable aquaculture in the Indo-Pacific
Nick Paul joined our team in early 2017. His research and development interests focus on creating high-value seaweed products, including functional food and nutraceuticals for human health and applications in animal feed and health for agriculture. Nick is project leader on ACIAR-funded projects ‘Improving seaweed production and processing opportunities in Indonesia' and 'Diversification of seaweed industries in Pacific Island countries'. His work aims to foster industry partnerships and develop new species, culture techniques and bio-products for farmed seaweed in the Indo-Pacific region. Nick is a councillor for the Asian Fisheries Society and, through national taskforces and direct government advice, contributes to ideas and policy regarding seaweed aquaculture in Pacific islands and Indonesia. In 2015, he won the United Nations Association of Australia World Environment Day Award for 'Excellence in Sustainable Water Management'.
Research areas: seaweed production and new product development; seaweed as functional food and nutraceuticals; environmental roles of seaweed farming; bioremediation of wastewater using algae; waste-to-resource technologies.
Michael Rimmer, Senior Research Fellow - based in Indonesia and Australia
Sustainable aquaculture development in Indonesia
Mike joined our team in early 2017 to manage elements of the ACIAR-funded project ‘Improving seaweed production and processing opportunities in Indonesia', and to develop a new project linking mariculture development in Cambodia with Indonesia. Mike's impressive professional experience includes over 30 years of developing aquaculture and stock enhancement techniques for Australian native marine and freshwater fish, and extensive collaborative research partnerships with countries across the Indo-Pacific. He has led two ACIAR projects to improve hatchery and grow-out technology for grouper and other high-value marine finfish. From 2006 to 2015, he was based in Indonesia and managed Australian-funded projects on post-tsunami reconstruction in Aceh, diversification of coastal smallholder aquaculture in South Sulawesi and Aceh, and the impacts of disease in grouper aquaculture.
Research areas: Seaweed production and product development; stock enhancement techniques for native marine and freshwater fish; hatchery and grow-out technology for marine finfish; sustainable coastal aquaculture and mariculture development; role of aquaculture in alleviating poverty in coastal communities in Asia.
Cathy Hair, Principal Research Scientist – based in Australia and Papua New Guinea
A stronger future for mariculture industries
Cathy's research focuses on the development of the commercial sea cucumber, Holothuria scabra (known as sandfish), in New Ireland, PNG. This species has been over-exploited due to its high value as bêche-de-mer. Her work is highlighting that H. scabra is an ideal candidate for aquaculture development. Production and release of cultured juveniles into traditional marine tenure areas holds great promise as a livelihood opportunity for rural, coastal and island communities. These communities can harvest and sell sea cucumbers commercially when they attain a suitable size. Cathy works with locals to develop appropriate community-based farming methods and identify the best release habitat for optimal sandfish survival and growth. She also investigates how traditional fishing communities who fished the wild sea cucumber resource will respond to this new mariculture activity.
Research areas: mariculture; sea cucumbers; community-based farming methods; and sustainable mariculture development.
Max Wingfield, Senior Project Scientist – based in Tonga
Capacity building to strengthen livelihoods
Max is a specialist in fisheries biology and aquaculture and has extensive experience in the private and public sectors. He is passionate about the opportunities for aquaculture and the ensuing community benefits. Max is well versed on the science and processes needed to achieve best-practice aquaculture outcomes and is specialised in industry capacity building. His approach is to communicate and work within the framework of government legislation to advance the development of environmentally and economically-sustainable aquaculture industries. He has a broad skill set with proficiency in associated office, field, hatchery, laboratory, pond and sea-based duties. His current research includes oversight of research supporting development of the mabé pearl industry in Tonga.
Research areas: fisheries biology; best-practice aquaculture; pearl culture; sustainable farming; handicraft industry development; and supply-chain education and support.
Pranesh Kishore, Post-Doctoral Research Scientist – based in Fiji
Development of high-quality pearl production
Pranesh researches pearl oyster culture with particular emphasis on improving culture methods for high-quality round pearl production. He leads the development of a national spat collection program in Fiji which involved local coastal communities collecting pearl-oyster spat and selling them to pearl farmers to generate income. One of his priorities is to gradually convert some of these spat collection communities into high-quality mabѐ farms. He develops and runs community half-pearl (mabѐ) production and business skills training and leads a team which sets up community-based mabѐ farms. He is also researching the optimum conditions needed for pearl oyster growth and quality pearl production. His oversight of the team’s research activities in Fiji requires strong partnership with government, industry and community partners.
Research areas: pearl-oyster culture and biology; round and half-pearl (mabѐ) production; pearl-oyster spat collection; and sustainable community livelihood development.
Thane Militz, Project Scientist – based in Kavieng, Papua New Guinea
Sustainable marine aquarium trade
Thane's research focuses on the sustainable development of the Papua New Guinea (PNG) marine aquarium trade. This encompasses identifying areas of oversight in historic management of marine aquarium fisheries and making recommendations for improvement. A key aspect of his work is consumer empowerment to improve trade sustainability through their purchases. Thane also develops PNG capacity to produce marine aquarium species through aquaculture. He is working at the Nago Island Mariculture and Research Facility in Kavieng, where he instructs PNG fishery staff and students on the production of clownfish and giant clams. This extends to the development of ideal culture methodologies.
Research areas: sustainability in the marine aquarium trade; marine aquarium fisheries; culture of giant clams; and culture of aquarium fish species.
De'arne Kershler, Project Scientist – based in Australia
Prosperous Pacific pearl handicraft industries
De’arne works with coastal communities in PNG to develop pearl-based livelihood opportunities. Her research is part of the ACIAR project 'Developing pearl-industry-based livelihoods in the Western Pacific'. De'arne's research includes consumer and market surveys that provide a better understanding of current and potential demand for pearl and mother-of-pearl (MOP) handicraft products in PNG, and inform training programs and extension activities for local artisans and PNG women’s groups. Her research requires strong engagement with communities and community groups, government agencies and non-government organisations.
Research areas: livelihood opportunities in coastal communities; empowerment of women through handicraft production; consumer assessment of pearl jewellery and MOP products; and market development for pearl-based products.
Ravinesh Ram, PhD Student – based in Fiji
Novel processing methods for sea cucumbers
Ravinesh’s research focuses on the influence of processing techniques on nutrient composition and quality of bêche-de-mer (dried sea cucumber). He is developing novel processing techniques to better process sea cucumbers, and new marketing opportunities in South-East Asia. Since the 1800s, sea cucumber processing methods have not advanced. New techniques will improve nutrient content and provide value-adding opportunities. His research will assist communities in the Pacific to earn better income from trading high-value sea cucumber products through advanced processing and packaging techniques. Ravinesh holds a John Allwright Fellowship.
Research areas: tropical sea cucumbers; processing techniques for sea cucumbers; influences of harvest and post-harvest techniques; and improving the quality of commercial sea cucumbers.
Monal Lal, PhD Student – based in Australia
Understanding pearl oyster genetics
Monal’s research supports wider efforts to boost the South Pacific region’s cultured pearl industries. Cultured pearls produced by the black-lip pearl oyster are the most valuable aquaculture commodity in the region. To help ensure sustainability, Monal’s research addresses the management of wild and farmed populations through generating a broader understanding of the genetic diversity of oyster populations and their relatedness. His research encompasses the Fiji Islands, the broader Pacific and the Indo-Pacific region as a whole. Understanding their genetic status will enable fisheries managers and pearl farmers to manage wild and domesticated pearl-oyster resources. Monal holds a John Allwright Fellowship.
Research areas: cultured pearl industries; management of wild and farmed oyster populations; and genetic diversity of pearl-oyster populations.
Samantha Nowland, Aquaculture Research Officer – based at the Darwin Aquaculture Centre
Tropical rock oyster culture in remote communities
Samantha has a background in marine biology and aquaculture. Her particular areas of research interest include tropical rock oyster and sea cucumber aquaculture to support Indigenous economic development. Samantha is leading projects for both species to support the establishment of small-scale farms within Indigenous communities. This will enable communities to provide local jobs for local people. Samantha is also undertaking a PhD on ‘Developing hatchery culture techniques for black-lip rock oysters to support Indigenous economic development in remote Northern Territory’.
Research areas: tropical aquaculture; sustainable development of fisheries-aquaculture; community empowerment through economic development; sea cucumbers; and tropical oysters.
Bill Johnston, Agricultural Economist – based in Australia
Pearl farming economics
Bill's research focuses on developing economic models for round pearl and mabé pearl farms in Fiji and Tonga and for spat collection in these countries. His work helps aquaculture groups identify solutions and pathways for future development and generates greater awareness of the industry's economic and social opportunities. These include boosting rural economies; improving business development and management skills; optimal husbandry practices; financial independence; and utilising the tourism market.
Research areas: aquaculture economics; development of economic models for pearl farming and associated activities; business profitability assessments; and development of viable pathways
Duy Nguyen, Sea Cucumber Biologist – based in Australia and Vietnam
More efficient sea cucumber hatchery production
Duy completed his undergraduate studies at the University of Fisheries in Nha Trang, Vietnam and subsequently coordinated sea cucumber and marine gastropod (Babylonia) aquaculture programs at the Research Institute for Aquaculture No. 3 in Nha Trang. Duy's major research interest is the biology and nutrition of the larvae of marine species. His current research focuses on developing a greater understanding of the feeding behaviour and nutritional physiology of sea cucumber (Holothuria scabra) larvae. The aim is to develop more efficient and simpler larval rearing protocols for this species to support increased hatchery production and expansion of hatchery-based sea cucumber culture. Duy holds a John Allwright Fellowship.
Research areas: sea cucumbers and marine gastropods; biology and nutrition of the larvae of marine species; improved rearing protocols for sea cucumber larvae; sustainable expansion of hatchery-based sea cucumber culture.