Forestry and plant science are key aspects of GeneCology. Researchers are involved in the plant breeding and genetics of tropical, subtropical and rainforest plant species from Australia and other parts of the world. Studies include mapping and understanding of genetic diversity and plant reproductive biology.
Researchers have developed micro-propagation and tissue culture techniques used for propagation of rare and endangered plant species for revegetation and conservation, commercial propagation of high value plants for forestry and pharmaceutical industries.
Other research involves gene flows in forestry, horticulture and natural ecosystems. Within horticulture systems research has focused on fruit set, fruit and nut quality, and post-harvest processing.