Shellharbour, NSW - University of the Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia

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Shellharbour, NSW

Over the last 30 years Shellharbour has transitioned from a quiet harborside town to a large coastal community. Located an hour’s drive south of Sydney, residential development driven by the expansion of outer Wollongong has led to the creation of two new rapidly growing suburbs, Shellcove and Flinders. The Shellharbour coastline extends from Stack Island in the south to Lake Illawarra in the north, incorporating the heritage-listed Bass Point Reserve and ‘The Farm’, a National Surfing Reserve located within Killalea State Park. The coastline is relatively stable, subject to periodic erosion followed by recovery, although some areas are experiencing more severe erosion, for example, Warilla beach and Jones (Boyds) Beach.

Flooding is the most pressing hazard in the region. The Lake Illawarra, Mt Warrigal and Oak Flats catchments have a history of frequent hazardous flooding events. Flooding results from rising floodwaters from Lake Illawarra and localised heavy downpours. Key hazard areas include Oakey Creek, the Lake Illawarra foreshore and the suburb of Lake Illawarra.

Shellharbour has a higher proportion of single parent families, lower proportion of university educated residents and lower levels of volunteerism than the national average. The local government area falls within the mid-range of advantaged/disadvantage compared to other council areas in Australia (decile 5); however, more than 50 percent of suburbs experience high levels of disadvantage (≤30th percentile).

Socio-economic characteristics, 2016

  Shellharbour LGA Australian Average 
Economic       
Rental stress  11.50% 11.50%
Mortgage stress  7.60% 7.20%
Low income households  20.50% 23.70%
High income households  12.30% 11.20%
Rental housing  26.60% 30.90%
Unemployment  6.90% 6.90%
Economic diversity Index 0.9 1
Population    
Total population  68,460 NA
<14 years  19.90% 18.70%
>65 years  16.80% 15.80%
Median age 39 37
Single parent families  19.10% 15.80%
Lone person households 20.60% 24.40%
Aboriginal or Torres Straight Islander 3.80% 2.80%
Birthplace not Australia 22.60% 33%
Language other than english at home 15.30% 22.20%
Community    
Volunteering rates  14.70% 19%
Health (Type 2 Diabetes)  6.20% 5%
Residents receiving government social service payments  72% 57% (NSW)