Professor Wayne Knibb - University of the Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia

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Professor Wayne Knibb

PhD ANU

  • Professor in Genetics
Email
Telephone
+61 7 5430 2831
Office location
I1.09A
Campus
Sunshine Coast
Professor Wayne Knibb

Professor Wayne Knibb completed his PhD in Population Genetics from the Australian National University, ACT in 1982. Following on, from 1990 to 1999, Wayne was Head of the Genetics Department, NCM, Israel, and was a pioneer in the genetic improvement of marine fish (sea bream and sea bass) using selection, single gene mutations, hybrids, triploids, and genetic engineering.

From 2000 to 2006, Wayne took up a position as Principal Research Scientist for the Queensland Department of Primary Industries; and from 2004 to 2006, was the leader (Principal Investigator) of Australia’s major collaborative genetic selection program for the giant black tiger prawns (Penaeus monodon). The collaborators / partners on this project included the Australian Institute of Marine Science, CSIRO, The Australian Prawn Farmers Association, and the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation (FRDC).

Presently, Wayne is a leader of the genetics breeding group with active projects in Australia and overseas.

Wayne conducts genetic breeding projects on:

  • South Pacific Pearls with the Paspaley Pearling Company in NT and WA (selection indices, genomic prediction, genetic parameter estimates – overall question, how to select and breed for “beautiful” pearls)

  • Yellow tail kingfish in NSW, SA and Mexico (genetic parameter estimates, genomic prediction of breeding values, global biogeographic variation, sex markers)

  • Tropical and eastern rock lobsters in Tasmania and Malaysia (pedigree management, breeding, and evaluations of families)

  • Banana shrimp (assessment of viral titre and inbreeding)

  • Sydney Rock Oysters in NSW (the assessment of inbreeding and management of diversity)

  • Giant black tiger shrimp in Madagascar (pedigree management)

  • Portuguese Oyster in Vietnam (taxonomy, assessment of genetic diversity, breeding)

  • White leg shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) in Vietnam (genetic diversity, breeding)

  • Barramundi in Vietnam (genetic diversity, breeding)

Funding of these projects is mostly through industry partnerships and CRCs (kingfish, shrimp), FRDC (pearls), ARC (lobsters).

Key recent industry outcomes:

  • Partnered the transition of Australian Pearling from wild stock to genetically improved families yielding improved pearls. Today, pearling is one of the few Australian aquaculture companies that continue to compete internationally, and technology such as genetic breeding supports that competitiveness.

  • Developed the world’s first genetic improved kingfish stocks; these stocks are currently in use and underpin major improvements in productivity and profitability for partner companies.

  • Resolved confusion over the identity of oyster species used in Vietnam, providing the framework for national oyster breeding programs.

Research Grants
Project Name Funding Body

FRDC 2016-253 Pearl Consortium IPA: Maximizing selection response and commercial return from genetic selection of the silver-lip pearl oyster Pinctada maxima

Fisheries Research and Development Corporation - Research and Development Funding
Enhancement of high-value sea cucumber production through novel molecular technologies Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Aus4Innovation Partnership Grants
Assessment of Restocking in New South Wales. NSW Department of Primary Industries

Research areas

  • Aquaculture genetics
  • Stock assessment using genomics technologies
  • Disease identification and origin tracing using molecular signatures

Dr Wayne Knibb's areas of expertise include genetics of aquatic animals, stock assessment and disease identification.

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